Refugee status is recognised with no time limitation on the status, therefore the positive decision granting the refugee status to the individual serves as a permanent residence permit. Subsidiary protection status is recognised for a limited period of time with the possibility of extension. Usually the period ranges from one to five years. Beneficiaries with subsidiary protection are therefore issued a temporary residence permit with the duration of the status. In 2020, 87 individuals were granted refugee status out of which 24 were women. Only two persons were granted subsidiary protection in 2020.
Beneficiaries of international protection are given a residence permit with the decision granting them international protection; this is expressly stated in the operative part of the decision. With the help of integration staff of the UOIM, they are then issued with an identity card, usually within five days at the latest. The card certifies their residence permit and is required for accessing most rights. The procedure is free of charge for beneficiaries.
Refugees are issued a card with a validity of 10 years. This can be renewed without any difficulty before expiry. Normally, however, this will not be necessary since most refugees obtain either citizenship or another type of residence within 10 years.
The card for persons with subsidiary protection status can also be renewed in case of extension of subsidiary protection. Pending the extension procedure, a card with a duration of one year is issued to them.
 Article 92(1)-(2) IPA.
 Official statistics provided by the Migration directorate, January 2021.