The law provides that the applicant has to submit all documentation and evidence at his or her disposal which support his or her statements made in the application. In practice this can also include medical reports regarding his or her past persecution or serious harm.
The preparation of a medical opinion, or any other type of expert opinion, can also be ordered by the Migration Office, in which case the costs are covered by the State. There are no criteria set in the law or administrative practice to indicate when a medical examination for the purpose of drafting a medical report should be carried out. No guidelines are in place to guarantee the use of the methodology laid down in the Istanbul Protocol.
In some past cases, psychiatric and other medical evaluations have been successfully used to influence the decision on applicant’s credibility.