Use of medical reports


Country Report: Use of medical reports Last updated: 25/05/22


The law provides that the applicant has to submit all documentation and evidence at his or her disposal which support his or her statements made in the application.[1] In practice this can also include medical reports regarding his or her past persecution or serious harm.

The preparation of a medical opinion, or any other type of expert opinion, can also be ordered by the Migration Directorate, in which case the costs are covered by the State.[2] There are no criteria set in the law or administrative practice to indicate when a medical examination for the purpose of drafting a medical report should be carried out. No guidelines are in place to guarantee the use of the methodology laid down in the Istanbul Protocol.

In some past cases, psychiatric and other medical evaluations have been successfully used to influence the decision on applicant’s credibility.

In 2021 the medical evaluation was made in 6 cases. In 3 cases it was established that the applicant is not capable to independently participate in the procedure. In 2 of these cases the medical examination was order by the Administrative Court.[3]




[1] Article 21(2) IPA.

[2] Article 39 IPA.

[3] Official statistics provided by the Migration Directorate, March 2022.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the first report
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation