Both refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection benefit from a residence permit of 5 years once they are granted status.1 The responsible authority for issuing the residence permit is the Police of Aliens’ Law and Documentation. There are no difficulties systematically encountered in the issuance and renewal of those residence permits in practice.
The issuance of residence permits for humanitarian reasons is foreseen under the Foreigners Law. This residence permit has 1 year duration. The Law foresees the possibility to request this kind of permit under the following conditions:2
Being a victim of any of the offences collected under Articles 311 to 315, 511.1 and 512 of the Criminal Code, concerning offences against the rights of workers;
Being the victim of crimes based on racist, anti-Semitic or other kind of discrimination relating to ideology, religion or beliefs of the victim, the ethnic group, race or nation to which they belong, their sex or sexual orientation, or disease or disability;
Being a victim of crime by domestic violence, provided that a judicial decision has established the status of victim; or
Having a severe disease requiring health care specialist, not accessible in the country of origin, where the interruption of treatment would pose a serious risk to the health or life.