The duration of validity of travel documents issued to beneficiaries of international protection is one year, both for persons with refugee status and subsidiary protection. Refugees receive a “refugee passport”, a bilingual travel document specified in the 1951 Refugee Convention, while holders of subsidiary protection receive a special travel document, not a refugee passport.
A refugee is entitled to a bilingual travel document under the Refugee Convention, unless compelling reasons of national security or public order otherwise require. There are no geographical limitations, except for travelling to the country of origin.
The NDGAP can deny the issuing of a travel document for beneficiaries of international protection in case the National Security Authority, the National Tax and Customs Administration of Hungary or the Police provides information to the NDGAP according to which the person should not get a travel document for reasons of national security and public order. The resolution rejecting the issuance of a bilingual travel document to the refugee may be subject to judicial review. As it is fixed in the Asylum Act, the petition for judicial review shall be submitted to the refugee authority within 3 days following the date of delivery of the decision. The NDGAP shall, without a delay, forward the petition for judicial review to the competent court together with the documents of the case and any counterclaim attached. The petition for judicial review shall be adjudged by the court within 8 days in non-contentious proceedings, relying on the available documents. The court may overturn the decision of the refugee authority. The court’s decision adopted in conclusion of the proceedings is final, and it may not be appealed.
For beneficiaries of subsidiary protection, the same rules are applied as to refugees.
In practice in order to receive the travel document beneficiaries of international protection have to apply for it in a separate form at the competent office of NDGAP. The fee of the procedure is around €20 and the applicant needs to have already his or her ID card and the address card. Obtaining the latter could be problematic because of the difficulties beneficiaries face concerning housing. The authority issues the travel document within 22 working days.
According to the statistics of NDGAP, 1,654 travel documents were issued to beneficiaries of international protection in 2017. No data are available for 2018. In 2019, there were 745 travel documents for refugees and 581 for beneficiaries of subsidiary protection issued.
Section11/A Decree 101/1998. (V. 22.) on the execution of Act XII of 1998 on travelling abroad.
Section 10(3) (a) Asylum Act.
Section 4/A Asylum Decree.
Sections 10(5) and 17(2a) Asylum Act.
Section 10(6) Asylum Act.
Section 10(6) Asylum Act.
Section 10(7) Asylum Act.
Section 10(8) Asylum Act.
Information provided by former IAO, 12 February 2018. As to 2018 the former IAO could not provide this data free of charge.
Information provided by NDGAP, 3 February 2020.