Reception Conditions


Country Report: Reception Conditions Last updated: 15/04/21


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From March 2017 until 21 May 2020 the main form of reception had been detention carried out in the transit zones. Following the FMS and Others judgment,[1] open reception centres gained back their significance for a short period of time when all the 280 asylum seekers had been transferred to one of the open reception facilities. However, by the end of July the number of residents in Vámosszabadi and Balassagyarmat had significantly decreased. Additionally, under the new “Embassy procedure” only 4 new applicants (one family) entered Hungary, who were subsequently placed in Vámosszabadi. According to the NDGAP, on 31 December 2020 there were altogether 4 asylum seekers in Vámosszabadi and 2 asylum seekers in Balassagyarmat. Thus, similarly to 2019 and 2018, the role of open reception centres, except for two months after the closure of the transit zones, remained limited in the asylum system of Hungary.


[1]        CJEU, Joined Cases C-924/19 PPU and C-925/19 PPU, FMS and Others v Országos Idegenrendészeti Főigazgatóság Dél-alföldi Regionális Igazgatóság and Országos Idegenrendészeti Főigazgatóság, 14 May 2020.


The Chapter: Reception Conditions in Hungary contains the following sections:

A. Access and forms of reception conditions

  1. Criteria and restrictions to access reception conditions
  2. Forms and levels of material reception conditions
  3. Reduction or withdrawal of reception conditions
  4. Freedom of movement

B. Housing

  1. Types of accommodation
  2. Conditions in reception facilities

C. Employment and education

  1. Access to the labour market 
  2. Access to education

D. Health care

E. Special reception needs of vulnerable groups

F. Information for asylum seekers and access to reception centres

  1. Provision of information on reception
  2. Access to reception centres by third parties

G. Differential treatment of specific nationalities in reception

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation