Forms and levels of material reception conditions

Hungary

Country Report: Forms and levels of material reception conditions Last updated: 30/11/20

Author

Hungarian Helsinki Committee Visit Website

The Asylum Decree determines the content of reception conditions. In state of crisis due to mass migration, the content of material reception conditions is limited to accommodation and food provided in reception facilities; costs of subsistence of asylum applicants. The state of crisis furthermore suspends the applicability of Section 15(2)(c) which enabled asylum seekers to apply for travel allowance.

Apart from material reception conditions there are only healthcare services that are provided to asylum seekers in the framework of reception conditions. Other services such as the reimbursement of educational expenses and financial support (the latter contained only the financial aid to facilitate return to the country of origin) are halted, as well by virtue of the state of crisis due to mass migration.[1] Since 1 April 2016, asylum seekers are not entitled to receive pocket money either.

According to the Asylum Decree, asylum seekers residing in reception centres receive:[2]

a)    Accommodation;

b)   Three meals per day (breakfast, lunch and dinner) or an equivalent amount of food allowance;

c)    Hygienic and dining items or an equivalent amount of allowance.

In Balassagyarmat until 30 April 2018, asylum seekers were provided with hygienic items and food in kind. After that, over the course of 2018 and 2019 asylum seekers were given either food allowances or food and hygienic items in kind.[3] However, Menedék Association reported that in 2019 food was provided again in kind. According to them despite the law giving the opportunity to the asylum seekers to choose from the forms of food provision, in practice beyond a certain number of applicants reception facilities leave no choice and provide food exclusively in kind. Cooking was also a possibility for residents in Balassagyarmat.

According to the NDGAP, in Vámosszabadi asylum seekers had been provided by food and hygienic items in kind until 31 May 2018.[4] After that, over the course of 2018 and 2019 asylum seekers were given food allowance. However, reported by Menedék Association in 2019 food was provided again in kind.

The HHC is aware of an asylum-seeking woman who had been residing in Vámosszabadi until September 2018 with her approximately 1-year-old child, who only had the right to reside in the reception centre but was denied food in kind or an equivalent financial allowance on account of being a subsequent applicant. The single woman with her child could exclusively count on the help of volunteers and NGOs’ services being present in Vámosszabadi in the course of her pregnancy and after the birth of the child.

 



[1]           Section 99/C(1)(c) Asylum Decree.

[2]           Section 21 Asylum Decree.

[3]           Based on the information provided by former IAO, 12 February 2018.

[4]           Information provided by former IAO, 12 February 2019.

 

 

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation