Admissibility procedure


Country Report: Admissibility procedure Last updated: 10/07/24


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General (scope, criteria, time limits)

No specific procedure is designated as “admissibility procedure” in Croatia. However, it is possible for the Department for International Protection procedure to take a decision without entering into a further in-depth examination of the application (i.e., an examination on the merits) when the grounds for the dismissal of the application are met.

An application will be dismissed where:[1]

  • The applicant has been granted international protection in another member state of the European Economic Area;
  • The applicant has been granted international protection in a third state whose rights he or she still enjoys, including the guarantees stemming from non-refoulement, provided that he or she will be received back into that state;
  • It is possible to apply the concept of Safe Third Country;
  • It is possible to apply the concept of European safe third country;
  • The responsibility of another member state of the European Economic Area is established to consider the application; or
  • The application was lodged by a national of a member state of the European Union

There are no specific time limits that must be respected by the Ministry of Interior in the first instance procedure for delivering a dismissal decision, and the rules governing the regular procedure are applicable.

In case of a subsequent application,[2] the admissibility of the application shall be assessed on the basis of the facts and evidence it contains, and in connection with the facts and evidence already used in the previous procedure. If it is established that the subsequent application is admissible, a decision shall be issued once again on the merits of the application, and the previous decision would be revoked.

The subsequent application would be dismissed if it is established that it is inadmissible, i.e., if the subsequent application is not comprehensible and does not contain relevant facts and evidence which arose after the decision on the first application became final or which the applicant for justified reasons did not present during the previous procedure relating to establishing the meeting of the conditions for approval of international protection (see section on Subsequent Applications).

In 2023, the Ministry of Interior dismissed 11 applications as follows: for one applicant from Iran the decision was made on the basis of Art. 43, para. 1, item 1 of the LITP (granted international protection in another EEA Member State), for one applicant from Romania on the basis of Art. 43, para. 1, item 6 of the LITP (application submitted by a national of an EU Member State), for nine applicants (Algeria-2, Burundi-3, Egypt-1, Guinea-1, Nigeria-1, Turkey-1) based on Art. 43, para. 2 of the LITP (dismissal of a subsequent application if it is determined that such an application is inadmissible in accordance with Article 47, para. 6 of the LITP).[3]

Personal interview

The interview is conducted by the Ministry of Interior (i.e., by decision makers from the Department for International Protection Procedure). According to the LITP, the personal interview would not be undertaken if the admissibility of a subsequent application is being assessed.[4] In such cases, usually only the applicant makes the application in writing i.e., fills in the form stating the reasons for their subsequent application and explaining why those reasons were not mentioned in the previous procedure. If the person is illiterate, this can be done orally on the record.



According to the LITP the deadline for appealing a dismissal decision before the Administrative Court is eight days after the delivery of the decision of the Ministry of Interior.[5]

As for suspensive effect, the LITP provides all lawsuits with suspensive effect, except for lawsuits against dismissal decisions on “first country of asylum” grounds where the applicant has refugee status in another country or when a subsequent application is dismissed.[6]

Legal assistance

Regarding free legal assistance in “inadmissible” cases, the general provisions about the right and access to free legal assistance apply, meaning that free legal aid in terms of representation is not foreseen in the first instance procedure, but only in the preparation of a lawsuit to the Administrative Court, including representation before the Administrative Court,[7] if requested by the applicant (see section on Regular Procedure: Legal Assistance).


Suspension of returns for beneficiaries of protection in another Member State

No information is available on suspension of returns for beneficiaries of protection in another Member State.


[1] Article 43(1) LITP.

[2] Article 47 LITP.

[3] Information provided by the Ministry of Interior, 8 March 2024.

[4] Article 35(8)(3) LITP.

[5] Article 43(3) LITP.

[6] Article 51(1)(2)-(3) LITP, citing Article 43(1)(1)-(2) and Article 43(2) LITP.

[7] Article 60 LITP.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation