Criteria and conditions

Croatia

Country Report: Criteria and conditions Last updated: 27/05/21

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In Croatia, family reunification is regulated primarily by the LITP,[1] as well as by the Law on Foreigners.[2] At the moment, no requirements in relation to waiting periods before a beneficiary can apply for family reunification or a maximum time limit for applying for family reunification are prescribed by the legislation, nor is there a minimum income requirement.

A family member for whom reasons exist for exclusion and for reasons of protection of the national security or public order of the Republic of Croatia shall not have the right of family reunification.[3]

The Croatian Law Centre, in cooperation with UNHCR Croatia, the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, created leaflets with information on the procedure for family reunification. The leaflet was published in Croatian, and translated into Arabic, Farsi and English.[4]

The Jesuit Refugee Service reported to FRA that due to the COVID-19 outbreak, the family reunifications have been suspended.[5] The problems with procedure was also observed by Croatian Law Centre.

In 2020, the Croatian Law Centre prepared the updated analyses of the institute of family reunification in Croatia.[6] The paper explains the conditions for family reunification, stages in the family reunification process, but also the reasons when exclusion from the right to family reunification may occur.  The paper also lists the most common problems that arise in these procedures:

  • non-receipt of applications for family reunification by embassies and / or consular missions of the Republic of Croatia due to incomplete documentation;
  • distance of embassies and / or consular offices of the Republic of Croatia from the countries of origin where persons who want to apply for family reunification are situated:
  • uneven practice of some honorary consuls located in countries where there are no diplomatic missions and / or consular missions of the Republic of Croatia, as some are reluctant to participate in connecting persons in need and embassies and / or consular missions:
  • family members who want to reunite with a beneficiary of international protection and who are in war-torn countries are often unable to obtain travel documents, which makes it impossible to initiate the procedure itself;
  • obtaining documents proving kinship with a beneficiary of international protection is also a problematic for persons who want to reunite;
  • the problem of financing travel expenses which include airplane tickets, fees, travel health insurance, travel expenses to the country where the diplomatic mission and / or consular post of the Republic of Croatia is located, and financing accommodation / staying costs in that country pending a decision.

Eligible family members

Both refugees (“asylees”) and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection have the right to family reunification with following family members:

  • the spouse or unmarried partner under the regulations of the Republic of Croatia, and persons who are in a union, which under the regulations of the Republic of Croatia may be deemed to be a life partnership or informal life partnership;
  • the minor child of the marital or unmarried partners; their minor adopted child; the minor child and minor adopted child of a married, unmarried or life partner who exercises parental care of the child;
  • the adult unmarried child of an asylee or beneficiary of subsidiary protection who, due to his or her state of health is not able to take care of his or her own needs;
  • the parent or other legal representative of a minor;
  • a relative of the first degree in a direct ascending blood line, with whom he or she lived in a shared household, if it is established that he or she is dependent on the care of asylee or foreigner under subsidiary protection.

A minor child of an asylee or beneficiary of subsidiary protection who has not formed their own family shall follow the legal status of their legal representative to whom international protection has been granted, on which the Ministry of Interior shall render a decision.

In the case of family reunification of asylees and foreigners under subsidiary protection, for a person who is unable to obtain official documents to prove a specific family relationship, circumstances shall be taken into consideration on the basis of which it may be assessed whether or not such a relationship exists. A decision to refuse an application for family reunification cannot be based exclusively on the fact that no official document exists to prove a specific family relationship.[7]

Family reunification procedure

The family reunification procedure shall be initiated at the competent Diplomatic Mission or Consular Office of the Republic of Croatia. In practice, if some problems exist and family members cannot reach the competent Diplomatic Mission, some Diplomatic Missions or Consular Offices of the Republic of Croatia allow applications to be submitted at some other Croatian mission. In addition, the application may also be submitted via email or regular mail, but a person has to appear in person at the Mission once the procedure is over to make an application for a visa to enter Croatia. Once family reunification is granted, the person has to apply for visa to enter Croatia. According to the Ministry of Interior, the legal time limit for issuing the visa is 15 days, but if the Diplomatic Mission or Consular Office considers that the application for a visa should be resolved faster, they may enter the label of urgency and indicate when the application should be resolved.[8]

Other family members of asylees and foreigners under subsidiary protection shall regulate their residence pursuant to the provisions of the Law on Foreigners, which means that they should submit applications for temporary residence.

Family members of asylees and foreigners under subsidiary protection who regulate their residence pursuant to the provisions of the Law on Foreigners have to fulfil the following requirements:

  • Justification of the purpose of temporary residence;
  • Valid travel document;
  • Entry and residence in the Republic of Croatia is not prohibited and does not pose a danger for public order, national security or public health.[9]

However, they do not have to have sufficient means of supporting themselves or have health insurance, as prescribed for other foreigners applying for temporary residence.[10]

A temporary residence permit shall be issued for the term of validity of up to one year and the validity of the travel document should be at least three months longer than the time period for which the temporary residence permit is issued.[11]

According to the Ministry of Interior, there were 39 applications for family reunification in 2018:. 29 applications were approved and 10 were still pending at the end of 2018. No information was available in 2019 and 2020, however.

 

 

[1]  Article 66 LITP.

[2]  Articles 47-61 Law on Foreigners.

[3]   Article 66(5) LITP.

[4]  CLC, UNHCR, Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Foreign and European affairs, Family reunification in Croatia – Information for persons granted international protection, available in Croatian at: https://bit.ly/2RfNCgY; in Arabic at: https://bit.ly/2V7Prh5; in Farsi at: https://bit.ly/2whB6Ge; and in English at: https://bit.ly/2Xi6lwe.

[5] FRA: Migration: Key fundamental rights concerns – Quarterly bulletin 4 – 2020, available at: https://bit.ly/2P71fB0.

[6] Croatian Law Centre: Analyses of the institute of family reunification, September 2019, available in Croatian at: https://bit.ly/3elXNLn.

[7] Article 66(6) LITP.

[8] Information provided by the Ministry of Interior, 2 March 2017.

[9]  Article 54(1) Law on Foreigners.

[10] Article 58 Law on Foreigners.

[11] Article 52(1)-(2) Law on Foreigners.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation