General

Croatia

Country Report: General Last updated: 12/01/21

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There are no available data on detention of migrants and applicants for international protection in the course of 2019. In 2018, a total of 928 migrants were detained, of whom 535 in the Reception Centre for Foreigners in Ježevo, 109 in the Transit Reception Centre in Tovarnik and 284 Transit Reception Centre in Trilj.[1]

During the asylum procedure, detention is possible under all types of procedures, where the conditions prescribed by the LITP are met. However, the majority of applicants for international protection are not detained but are accommodated in open centres. In that sense, it is not likely that any category of applicants would spend the whole status determination procedure in detention. The main reasons for the detention of applicants are situations where they request international protection after having been issued with a deportation order and situations where they left or attempted to leave Croatia before the completion of the procedure for international protection.

At the moment, Croatia has three detention centres: the Reception Centre for Foreigners located in Ježevo, with a total capacity of 95 places; the Transit Reception Centre in Trilj with a total capacity of 62 places; and the Transit Reception Centre in Tovarnik with a total capacity of 62 places.[2] This brings the total capacity of detention centres to 219.

The use of a garage inside of a police station compound has been reported several times throughout 2019.[3] It is an informal and unsanitary site of detention for large groups of apprehended people-in-transit before they are being pushed back. The Ministry of Interior rejected accusations and emphasised again that it has a zero tolerance for the use of any form of violence.[4]

 


[1] Information provided by the Ministry of Interior, Border Directorate, 6 February 2019.

[2] Information provided by the Ministry of Interior, Border Directorate, 6 February 2019.

[3] Border Violence Monitoring Network, Illegal push-backs and border violence reports – Balkan region, April 2019, available at: https://bit.ly/2wuXvQJ;  H-alter, ‘Migrant Torture Garage’, 15 May 2019, available in Croatian at: https://bit.ly/3dxTqfc; H-alter, ‘Migrante se kuje dok je vruće’, 24 September 2019, available in Croatian at: https://bit.ly/3aqXY4U; H-alter, ‘Torture garage for migrants’, 16 October 2019, available at: https://bit.ly/39mjc2A

[4] Ministry of Interior, ‘The MoI rejects the allegations of the H-Alter portal’, 24 September 2019, available at: https://bit.ly/2QMnFp2.

 

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation