Country Report: Resettlement Last updated: 30/11/20



UNHCR works in collaboration with DGMM to identify the most vulnerable cases and to assess their eligibility for resettlement. As of 10 September 2018, DGMM pre-identifies cases based on vulnerability and refers them to UNHCR, similar to the procedure already followed for temporary protection beneficiaries (see Temporary Protection: Resettlement). In general, stakeholders have noticed that the criteria and standards of ‘vulnerability’ used now by DGMM are different from the ones of UNHCR and NGOs. For instance, LGBTI people are not considered as vulnerable.[1]

The final decisions on resettlement are taken by the receiving countries. In 2019, UNHCR submitted 17,552 cases for resettlement, 67% of whom were Syrian refugees. In 2019, 10,558 refugees departed to start new lives in resettlement countries; out of whom 78% were Syrian refugees and 22% were refugees of other nationalities. [2] From January 1 to 30 November 2019, 22% of resettlement departures from Turkey were carried out to the United States of America, 77% were resettled in Europe and 1% in New Zealand.[3] According to DGMM statistics, a total 16,285 Syrians were transferred to third countries between 2014 and 2019, mainly to Canada, the US, the UK and Norway.[4]

Conditional refugees including those from Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan, face severe delays in accessing resettlement opportunities.[5]

All resettlement from Turkey was suspended in early 2020, including German and Turkey’s bilateral agreement on the readmission of refugees, due to the Corona Virus.

[1]  Information provided by a lawyer from the Izmir Bar Association, February 2020.

[2] UNHCR, Turkey Operational Highlights 2019, 6 March 2020, at:

[3] UNHCR, Turkey Key Facts and Figures, November 2019, available at:  

[4]  DGMM statistics, available in Turkish at:

[5] Information provided by a stakeholder, February 2019.


Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of main changes since the previous report update
  • Introduction to the asylum context in Turkey
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • Temporary Protection Regime
  • Content of Temporary Protection