Criteria and conditions


Country Report: Criteria and conditions Last updated: 27/02/23



Family reunification is governed by Articles 34-35 LFIP. While the law allows refugees and subsidiary protection beneficiaries to be reunited with family members,[1] under preferential conditions compared to other foreigners, conditional refugees are excluded from family reunification altogether. That is also implied by the fact that international protection beneficiaries are not granted a Residence Permit, whereas the law requires the sponsor to have resided in Türkiye for more than one year on a residence permit.[2] Refugees and subsidiary protection holders are expressly exempt from this condition, but conditional refugees are not.[3]

A refugee or beneficiary of subsidiary protection may reunite with the following family members:[4]

  • Spouse, whereby only one spouse may benefit from family reunification in the case of polygamous marriages;[5]
  • Minor children or minor children of the spouse;
  • Dependent children or dependent children of the spouse.

As of July 2021, the Türk Kızılay had received 3,462 requests for family reunification in total. They also conduct family tracing and family messaging services.[6]




[1] Article 34(1) LFIP; Article 30(1)(d) RFIP.

[2] Article 35(1)(ç) LFIP.

[3] Article 35(4) LFIP.

[4] Article 34 LFIP; Article 30 RFIP.

[5] Article 34(2) LFIP; Article 30(3) RFIP.

[6] Türk Kızılay, NSCEP protection group presentation, July 2021, available at:

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of main changes since the previous report update
  • Introduction to the asylum context in Türkiye
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • Temporary Protection Regime
  • Content of Temporary Protection