Country Report

Country Report: Türkiye Last updated: 27/02/23



The original report and first update were researched and drafted by Refugee Rights Türkiye and edited by ECRE. The updates since 2017 have been researched and drafted by an independent consultant and edited by ECRE.

The 2021 update of the report draws on desk research and information collected from civil society organisations, academia, and legal practitioners from cities across Türkiye through Zoom interviews due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Access to official information on the situation of persons under international or temporary protection in Türkiye remains limited to date.

The information in this report is up-to-date as of 31 December 2021, unless otherwise stated.


Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of main changes since the previous report update
  • Introduction to the asylum context in Türkiye
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • Temporary Protection Regime
  • Content of Temporary Protection