Temporary protection identification document


Country Report: Temporary protection identification document Last updated: 14/07/23



The TPR provides a registration procedure and envisions the issuing of Temporary Protection Identification Documents (Geçici Koruma Kimlik Belgesi) to beneficiaries upon registration.[1] This card serves as the document asserting the concerned person’s status as a beneficiary of temporary protection.

Article 25 TPR explicitly excludes temporary protection beneficiaries from the possibility of long-term legal integration in Türkiye. According to Article 25, the Temporary Protection Identification Document issued to beneficiaries does not serve as residence permit as such, may not lead to “long term residence permit” in Türkiye in accordance with Articles 42 and 43 LFIP.

Temporary Protection Identification Documents list a Foreigners Identification Number (YKN) assigned to each beneficiary by the Directorate General of Population and Citizenship Affairs. In Türkiye, all legally resident foreign nationals are assigned YKN which serve to facilitate their access to all government services. International protection applicants and status holders within the framework of LFIP are also given such YKN. Currently, YKN assigned to all categories of legally resident foreign nationals, including temporary protection beneficiaries, categorically start with the digits of 99.

A verification and update process of data of Syrians under temporary protection was completed at the end of 2018, in close cooperation with UNHCR.[2] The process called ‘address verification,’  is about identifying whether the person is present in the province where they are registered. If not, their registration is deactivated, but not cancelled. UNHCR reported that 96% of the verification objective in Türkiye was met through this exercise.[3] However, in April 2022, the PPM announced that Syrians who received an appointment for address verification online via Goc-Net or by calling 157 have to visit their registered PDDM within 45 days of receiving the SMS notification and update their personal information such as date of birth, marital status, and address. To change their address, the applicant must provide an electric or gas bill from their new residence. If the applicant does not have a registered address, they have to first register their address with the mayoralty and then visit their registered PDMM to verify their address. If a person needs or desires to reside in a city or neighbourhood other than their city of registration but was closed to registration due to deconcentration policy after February 2022, they can still be registered in one of these cities or neighbourhoods if they can submit a rental agreement or bill dated prior to February 2022; otherwise, they have to register in their city of registration.[4]

In 2019, it was stated that Syrians would be deported if they failed to go to the provinces where they were registered. However, it was legally impossible to deport many of the people so PMM had difficulty imposing a sanction. Plus, it is difficult to prove that administrative detainees were coerced into returning voluntarily, despite their claims.[5]  Forms for voluntary return have to be signed under the supervision of the Red Crescent and UNHCR, but in the majority of cases, this is not the case. If the Syrian applicant cannot be located at the specified address, their identification documents may be revoked. When they visit PDMM, their IDs get reactivated, but those who were unable to visit PDMM loose their IDs. Syrian-led NGOs and activists estimate that 150,000 IDs have been revoked as of April 2022.[6]




[1] Article 2 TPR.

[2] PMM, ‘Türkiye’de Geçici Koruma Kapsamında Bulunan Yabancıların Kişisel Verilerinin Doğrulanması’, 22 March 2018, available in Turkish at: https://bit.ly/2pIttBt.

[3] UNHCR, Türkiye: Operational Update 2018 Highlights, available at: https://bit.ly/2Cr3tBB.

[4] Hayata Destek Online, ‘Adres Kayıt ve Güncelleme İşlemleri Nasıl Yapılır?’, 12 April 2022, available at: https://bit.ly/43oBSeb.  

[5] Information from a stakeholder, April 2022.

[6] Ömer Sönmez,  ‘Algazi: The annulment of the identity of 150 thousand Syrians marks a change in policy’, Rudaw, 28 April 2022. Available in Turkish at: https://bit.ly/3OR05U0

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of main changes since the previous report update
  • Introduction to the asylum context in Türkiye
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • Temporary Protection Regime
  • Content of Temporary Protection