One of the most prominent shortcomings of Türkiye’s legal framework for asylum is the failure to commit to providing state-funded accommodation to asylum applicants. Article 95(1) LFIP clearly establishes that as a rule, international protection applicants and status holders shall secure their own accommodation by their own means. Neither the LFIP nor the RFIP indicate any plans to offer international protection applicants financial assistance to cover housing expenses.
The PMM is authorised to set up Reception and Accommodation Centres to be used to address “accommodation, nutrition, health care, social and other needs” of international protection applicants and status holders. The Reception and Accommodation Centres referred to in Article 95 LFIP should not be confused with the “temporary accommodation centres”, the large-scale camps in the south of Türkiye that accommodate refugees from Syria subject to the temporary protection regime (see Temporary Protection: Housing).
As of June 2022, there was only one remaining Reception and Accommodation Centre in operation in the province of Yozgat with a modest capacity of 100 places. The centre is envisioned as a short-stay facility, where persons apprehended and wishing to apply for international protection may be hosted for a couple of days before being directed to register their application. In practice, these centres are mainly available to applicants with special needs such as victims of gender-based violence, torture or physical violence, single women, elderly and disabled people.
In previous years, there was an expectation that six new Reception and Accommodation Centres would become operational with a cumulative accommodation capacity of 2,250 beds. These centres were built within the framework of an EU twinning project and 80% of the construction budget was financed by the European Commission. The locations chosen for the centres were İzmir, Kırklareli, Gaziantep, Erzurum, Kayseri and Van. However, following the EU-Türkiye Action Plan on Migration of 29 November 2015 and the EU-Türkiye statement of 18 March 2016, all six centres were re-purposed to serve as Removal Centres (see Place of Detention). This transformation also shows that the asylum procedure in Türkiye been re-orientated towards return.
In emergencies involving urgent cases, NGOs may be able to arrange accommodation in hotels for individual applicants with special needs within the remit of their capacities.
 Article 95(2) LFIP.
 Information provided by a stakeholder, May 2022.